A bunion is a bone deformity that can develop when the big toe becomes dislocated or moves out of place, causing a bony protrusion to form on the side of the foot. Friction and pressure are produced as the protrusion rubs against the inside of the shoes throughout the day, which can lead to pain and discomfort. Several options are available for treating bunions. At Adult & Child Footcare in Shrewsbury, and Toms River, NJ, our skilled podiatrist, Dr. William Sachs, can develop an individualized plan for treating your bunions.
How Bunions Develop
The joint connecting the big toe to the foot is called the metatarsophalangeal toe joint. If this joint shifts out of place, it can cause a hard bump to form on the side of the foot called a bunion. The bump is actually the bony end of the joint pressing against the side of the foot. This happens when the dislocated metatarsophalangeal joint slants toward the inside of the foot and causes the big toe to lean toward the smaller ones.
Several factors can cause the metatarsophalangeal toe joint to become dislocated. Some causes include foot injuries, foot deformities, or certain medication conditions, such as arthritis.
One of the reasons bunions can be so painful is that the bony protrusion creates friction and pressure as it rubs against the inside of the shoes. Repeated friction can lead to inflammation of the bunion, as well as increased pain or discomfort.
Treatments for Bunions
You should not ignore a bunion. They will not go away on their own and could become more inflamed and painful if left untreated. The experienced podiatrist at our office in Shrewsbury, and Toms River, NJ, can recommend specific options for treating your bunions. Treatments include:
- Proper Footwear — Shoes should have enough room for the toes to move
- Custom Orthotics — Stabilizes the toe joint and place the foot in the correct position
- Protective Padding — Reduces friction and alleviates inflammation
- Foot Exercises — Improves joint mobility and function
- Night Splints — Helps realign the toe joint
- Bunion Surgery — Involves surgical removal of the bunion and realignment of the toe
- Removing Corns and Calluses
To learn more about the different options for treating your bunions, schedule an appointment with Dr. Sachs, your knowledgeable podiatrist, by calling Adult & Child Footcare in Toms River, NJ, at (732) 255-7070 or at (732) 389-2555 for the Shrewsbury, NJ, office.